Myanmar is a country dependent on fish and aquatic products for its food and nutrition security and economy but the sector is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. For fisheries (marine and inland) these impacts include changes in sea surface temperature, higher inland water temperature, changes in ocean currents, changes in the frequency of El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events, sea level rise and changing levels of rain and water availability. he aquaculture sector is also exposed to hazards such as salt-water intrusion, flooding of ponds, shortages in water supply, invasive species and ad hoc development planning altering local ecosystem dynamics and undermining their resilience, integrity and functionality.
At present, Myanmar faces significant challenges in addressing these issues and achieving sustainable management and utilization of its aquatic resources. These include weak governance, organizational capacities, institutional arrangements, limited technical capacity and knowledge, and limited resources for the development and implementation of adaptation plans.